What forms of CBD are available?

What forms of CBD are available?

CBD, or Cannabidiol, has emerged as a buzzword in wellness circles. With its rising popularity, it’s essential to navigate the multifaceted world of CBD. In this guide, we’ll delve deep into what CBD is, the types of spectrums available, the popular cannabinoids, and the various CBD product forms.

CBD, short for Cannabidiol, is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.

CBD is primarily derived from the hemp plant, a cousin of the marijuana plant. While marijuana is best known for its psychoactive effects due to the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) it contains, hemp typically has higher concentrations of CBD and minimal amounts of THC.


Unlike THC, CBD doesn't produce a "high" or any psychoactive effects. This has made it appealing to individuals seeking potential health benefits without the altered state of consciousness.

Preliminary research and anecdotal evidence suggest that CBD may have therapeutic potential for various conditions. Some of these include pain, inflammation, anxiety, and seizures. However, more research is needed in many areas to confirm these potential benefits.

The legality of CBD varies. In the U.S., the Farm Bill of 2018 legalized hemp-derived CBD products containing no more than 0.3% THC on a federal level, but some states have their own restrictions. It's always a good idea to check local regulations before purchasing.

Law Book 

CBD can be found in various products, including oils, tinctures, edibles, capsules, topicals, and vape products. Each form has its own onset time, duration of effect, and usage considerations. 

Generally, CBD is well-tolerated with few side effects. Some people might experience side effects like fatigue, diarrhea, or changes in appetite and weight. It's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional, especially when considering using CBD in conjunction with other medications.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved one CBD-based drug named Epidiolex for the treatment of specific types of epilepsy. The FDA is still working on evaluating the safety and efficacy of other CBD products.

In essence, while CBD holds promise in many therapeutic areas, it's essential for consumers to be informed, consider the source of CBD products, and consult with healthcare professionals when in doubt.

The Different Faces of CBD 

CBD products aren’t created equal. The differences often lie in the spectrum type:


The three main CBD spectrums are Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and CBD Isolate. Here's a detailed breakdown of their similarities and differences:

Full Spectrum CBD: Full Spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other organic compounds found in the cannabis plant. This includes THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), although in hemp-derived CBD products, its concentration is legally required to be below 0.3% in the U.S.

Entourage Effect: Many believe that the combined effect of all cannabis compounds working in synergy is more beneficial than individual compounds working alone. This synergy is often referred to as the "entourage effect".
It provides a natural and holistic approach, as it's the least processed form of CBD, retaining most of the plant compounds.
Because it contains THC, there's a potential (though minimal) risk for psychoactive effects or a positive drug test.
It might not be the best option for individuals who are sensitive to THC or live in places where THC is illegal.


Broad Spectrum CBD: Broad Spectrum CBD is like a middle ground between Full Spectrum and CBD Isolate. It contains an array of cannabinoids and terpenes, but THC is completely removed after the initial extraction.

Offers the potential benefits of the entourage effect without the risk of THC.
Suitable for those cautious of THC but still wanting to experience potential synergistic benefits.
Some argue it's less effective than full spectrum due to the complete removal of THC, although this is subjective and varies by individual.
The extraction process can be more complex to ensure the removal of all THC traces.


CBD Isolate: CBD Isolate is the purest form of CBD, containing 99% pure CBD. During the extraction process, all other compounds found within the cannabis plant are removed, including all other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, oils, and waxes. 

Perfect for those who only want CBD and nothing else.
There's no risk of psychoactive effects, making it a good choice for those wary of THC.
It's tasteless and odorless, which some people prefer for culinary uses.
Doesn't provide the entourage effect since it lacks other beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes.
Some believe it's less therapeutic compared to the other spectrums.
Pro Cons
There are some similarities among the spectrums.
  • All three spectrums originate from the cannabis plant.
  • All can be used in various forms of products like oils, edibles, topicals, and more.
  • All are used for potential therapeutic and wellness benefits.

Where there are similarities, there are also differences.

  • The primary difference lies in the cannabinoid and terpene profiles of each spectrum, especially regarding THC content. 

The best spectrum often depends on individual preferences, the desired effect, and legal considerations related to THC. 

While CBD has been taking most of the limelight in recent discussions about cannabis, there are several other intriguing cannabinoids that deserve attention. Enter CBC, CBG, and CBN. Let’s delve into the world of these lesser-known compounds, uncovering their unique properties and potential benefits.

CBC (Cannabichromene)

Cannabichromene, or CBC, is one of the over 100 cannabinoids discovered in the cannabis plant. Though it's found in smaller amounts than CBD and THC, its unique properties and potential health benefits are gradually coming to the fore.

Potential Benefits:
  • Brain Health: Preliminary studies suggest that CBC may play a role in promoting neurogenesis, the process of creating new brain cells.
  • Anti-inflammatory: CBC might possess anti-inflammatory properties that could work synergistically with other cannabinoids.
  • Mood Enhancement: Some research indicates that CBC could act as a mild antidepressant, potentially contributing to the overall mood-enhancing properties of cannabis.

CBG (Cannabigerol)

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is often referred to as the "mother" of all cannabinoids. This is because other cannabinoids are derived from cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), CBG's acidic form.

Potential Benefits:
  • Eye Health: CBG might be beneficial in treating glaucoma because of its vasodilative and neuroprotective properties.
  • Anti-inflammatory: Like CBC, CBG also exhibits potential anti-inflammatory effects, particularly in the context of bowel diseases.
  • Antibacterial: Preliminary studies show that CBG might have strong antibacterial properties, especially against MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus).

CBN (Cannabinol)

Unlike CBC and CBG, CBN doesn’t start off as its unique cannabinoid. Instead, it's a metabolite of THC, meaning it's a byproduct created when THC ages and is exposed to oxygen.

Potential Benefits:
  • Sedative Effect: There's a popular belief that CBN can act as a sedative. While research is still ongoing, some users report feeling drowsy after consuming high-CBN products.
  • Bone Health: Preliminary research suggests that CBN might stimulate the growth of bone cells, hinting at potential therapeutic use in fractures.
  • Pain Relief: Some studies indicate that CBN might be a potent analgesic or pain reliever. 

As the world of cannabis research expands, we’re bound to learn more about the myriad of cannabinoids beyond just CBD and THC. While CBC, CBG, and CBN are still under the research radar, early findings are promising.

As always, if you're considering trying out cannabinoid-infused products, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional and ensure you're making informed decisions.

CBD In All Shapes and Sizes: Diverse Product Forms

CBD's adaptability shines through in the assortment of product forms catering to different preferences:

CBD Tincture Dropper 

CBD Tinctures and Oils: These liquid extracts, often combined with carrier oils like coconut or hemp seed oil, are versatile and can be taken sublingually or added to foods.

CBD Gummies: These offer a delicious and discreet way to consume CBD, perfect for those wary of other consumption methods.

CBD Topicals: These are creams, balms, and salves infused with CBD. They're designed for targeted relief, making them ideal for localized pain or skin conditions.

CBD Softgels and Capsules: These offer a convenient and precise method of consuming CBD, ensuring consistent dosages.

Vape Products: These cater to those seeking rapid effects. However, it's essential to be aware of potential risks associated with vaping.

CBD's intricate world holds promise for a myriad of potential benefits. From its various spectrums, the exciting range of cannabinoids, to its diverse product forms, CBD continues to captivate the wellness industry.

As research expands, our understanding and appreciation for CBD and its fellow cannabinoids will undoubtedly grow.

Remember, always consult with a medical professional when considering CBD products for therapeutic purposes.